BIBLIOTHÈQUE LITTÉRAIRE EXHIBITION JACQUES DOUCET
8-10 place du Panthéon, Paris 5e
The Bibliothèque littéraire Jacques Doucet is a patrimonial research library created by the great fashion designer, collector and patron Jacques Doucet (1853-1929). Devoted to French literature from the era of symbolism to modern times, it is one of the richest literary libraries in the world concerning the second half of the 19th century and the whole of the twentieth century.
The collection built up by Jacques Doucet brings together the most prestigious names in French literature: Baudelaire, Verlaine, Rimbaud, Mallarmé, Apollinaire, Reverdy, Cendrars, Breton and most of the surrealists.
Bequeathed to the University of Paris by virtue of a holograph testament dated 1 June 1929, it assumed the status of public library the day after a decree was signed on 19 November 1932 authorising the acceptance of bequests. In his will, Jacques Doucet had stated his desire that his literary library be reunited with the library of art and archaeology which he had already given to the University of Paris on 15 December 1917.
For want of space, it was "temporarily" transferred to Rue de Noisiel (Paris 16th district) where it had originally been located in a room of the Réserve de Sainte-Geneviève, refurbished in 1932. Placed under the direct authority of the "Recteur" (or Chief Education Officer) on its creation, the administration and financial management has, since 1972, fallen under the auspices of the Chancery of the Universities of Paris as part of the undivided estate of the former University of Paris.
The library remains in its temporary home to this day. The constant additions to the collections since their arrival at Sainte-Geneviève has led to their being relocated to different sites. Currently housed in four different places, the collections can be consulted in two locations:
at 10 place du Panthéon, in a room in the Réserve de Sainte-Geneviève which houses the literary collection of Jacques Doucet and certain collections of writers: André Breton, René Char, Paul Eluard, André Gide, François Mauriac, Pierre Reverdy, Christophe Tzara.
at 8 place du Panthéon, where the general collection is housed, complementing the collection of Jacques Doucet, together with the specific collections acquired since 1961, the year in which new stores were set up as well as a second reading room for the arrival of the Valéry collection, called the Valeryanum.
Doucet - Picabia - Duchamp
The collections stored in the Malraux room at the Sorbonne, like the Marcel Arland, Paul Bénichou, Bernard Vargaftig collections, the correspondence addressed to Bernard Noël and certain libraries of writers such as Cioran, Delay, etc. can be consulted indirectly.
For want of space, it is impossible to consult the collections temporarily housed at the CTLES (Higher Education Technical Centre for Books), with the exception of the catalogued monographs or periodicals which can be consulted on site or indirectly.
Since 2007, thanks to an agreement signed between the Chancery of the Universities and the University of Paris III – Sorbonne, the beneficiary of the buildings of the Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève, the premises located at 8 place du Panthéon have been allocated to the Bibliothèque littéraire Jacques Doucet.
The literary collection of Jacques Doucet
From 1916 to 1929, Jacques Doucet, the magician as his first adviser liked to call him André Suarès, built up a unique literary library founded on the direct relationship he maintained with the writers with whom he surrounded himself - personalities as diverse as André Suarès, Pierre Reverdy, Max Jacob, Guillaume Apollinaire, Blaise Cendrars, Raymond Radiguet, André Breton, Louis Aragon, Robert Desnos and many others. In addition to completed works and rare editions, Jacques Doucet, a genuine innovator, collected manuscripts, letters from the authors, corrected proofs - any element to help follow the creation and development of a literary work.
Letter from Mallarmé to Mery Laurent, 1892
The man behind it all was André Suarès, who Jacques Doucet met through friends in common in February 1913 and with whom he began a regular and remunerated correspondence. On 2 July 1914, André Suarès suggested to him that he build up a "Montaigne-type library", an idea that the fashion designer took up two years later in May 1916, asking Suarès to suggest the names of authors whose works he might attempt to acquire to expand his library "in addition to the original quartet" (Claudel, Gide, Jammes, Suarès). On 15 June 1916, the writer sent him the list of authors whom he felt should be included in his library, "returning to the source so that the collection could maintain its full spiritual value": first and foremost the original editions of Stendhal and Baudelaire, the Mémoires d’outre-tombe by Chateaubriand and everything by Flaubert; the novels and tales of Barbey d’Aurevilly as well as his Memoranda,Brummel and Les Prophètes du passé; everything byGérard de Nerval, Verlaine, Mallarmé and Rimbaud. Then there were Villiers de l’Isle-Adam, Tristan Corbière, Huysmans, Jarry, Saint-Pol Roux, Jean de Tinan, Adrien Mithouard, Henri de Régnier, Paul Fort, Pierre Louÿs, Marcel Schwob, Jules Renard, Stuart Merrill, Vielé-Griffin, the Belgians Maeterlinck, Verhaeren, Rodenbach, Max Elskamp, J. de Bosschère, etc., all of whom were included in his library in the form of original editions and sometimes even their manuscripts.
Through his bookseller Camille Bloch, Jacques Doucet came into contact with the young writers of the "Esprit nouveau" as early as 1916. He paid them in exchange for a letter of reflection on the artistic and literary movements of the time, thus communicating with Pierre Reverdy, whose review Nord Sud he financed; Max Jacob, who offered him the manuscript of le Cornet à dés; Blaise Cendrarsla Prose du Transsibérien and the manuscript and corrected proofs of Pâques.
From Guillaume Apollinaire, he acquired the manuscripts of le Bestiaire, the manuscript and corrected proofs of le Poète assassiné and a copy of Case d’Armons.
In December 1920, the patron met André Breton, a proofreader with his friend Jeanne Tachard, whom he recruited first as an artistic and literary correspondent then as librarian the following summer, joined in 1922 by Louis Aragon. They played a decisive role in determining the direction taken by the library. Their aim was not only to complete the collection amassed at the initiative of Suarès, but also to extend it to include everything that had contributed to the "formation of the poetic mentality of their generation", according particular importance to philosophical works, the Moralists - in short representing, as Aragon said, everything that Isidore Ducasse might have read. In October 1922, they drew up a list of authors for a poetic library largely open to their Dadaist and surrealist friends. They even added a list of manuscripts to be purchased together with the prices. And so, new additions to the collection included Le Guerrier appliqué by Jean Paulhan, Twenty-five poems by Tristan Tzara, Répétitions by Paul Eluard, Nouvelles Hébrides by Robert Desnos, les Voyageurs debout by Jacques Baron etc. Jacques Doucet financed the review "Littérature" and in return received the manuscripts and drafts. From Louis Aragon, he commissioned aProjet d’histoire de la littérature contemporaine. We owe the rich documentary collection on surrealism - consisting of tracts, catalogues and various reviews - to Robert Desnos, his last adviser from 1927 to 1929.
In 1925, Marie Dormoy, the former muse of André Suarès, succeeded André Breton in the role of librarian, a position she continued to fill after the death of Jacques Doucet on 30 October 1929.
Jacques Doucet was also an innovator with regard to the bindings which decorated his books. In 1917, he persuaded the designer Pierre Legrain, who was working in the workshop of Paul Iribe, to lend his talents to the works in his library. Abandoning the traditional decorative style, the patron asked him to produce modern bindings for modern books "drawing their inspiration from the powerful dawning of new industries which transform life and the arts."
In 1923, he entrusted his books and manuscripts to Rose Adler whose bindings he had noticed during an exhibition at the Pavillon de Marsan. The Bibliothèque littéraire Jacques Doucet contains approximately 370 bindings by Pierre Legrain and 160 by Rose Adler.
La Bibliothèque littéraire de Jacques Doucet
After it was transferred to the Réserve de la Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève, the library was entrusted to Marie Dormoy in whose hands it remained until 1956. With the help of the Société des Amis de la Bibliothèque, in particular Rose Adler, she organised several exhibitions thereby igniting the interest of personalities who might help maintain the spirit of the collection. It is to her efforts that we owe the arrival of the Gide and Léautaud collections.
For a short time, the library was under the auspices of a university professor, Octave Nadal, from 1957 to 1961, before being entrusted to Georges Blin, professor at the Collège de France, between 1961 and 1988. François Chapon, who arrived after the departure of Marie Dormoy in December 1956 and who was Director from 1988 to 1994, gave the library an exceptional scope resulting in donations of unrivalled generosity: the collections of Mallarmé, Reverdy, Breton, Tzara, Leiris, Desnos, Eluard, Péret, Ribemont-Dessaignes, Gilbert Lely, Nicolas de Staël, Valéry, Suarès, André Rouveyre, Mauriac, Malraux, Louise de Vilmorin, Adrienne Monnier, Natalie C. Barney, Jean Schlumberger, Charles du Bos, Marcel Arland, Rose Adler, Henri Calet, René Clair, Derain, Marie Laurencin, Florence Gould, Frénaud, Marie Noël, Supervielle, Ponge, Henri Hoppenot, Jouhandeau, Edmond Jaloux, Saint-Pol-Roux, Louis Pergaud, Rachilde. It is also to Chapon that we owe the extension of the premises at 8 place du Panthéon, where he recreated the offices of Henri Mondor, Michel Leiris, Natalie C. Barney and Paul Valéry with their furniture and items of their personal decor.
From 1994 to 2006, under the direction of Yves Peyré, further collections were added, including Robert André, Paul Bénichou, Emil Cioran, Jean Delay, Jacques Dupin, Michel Fardoulis-Lagrange, Ghérasim Luca, Louis-Paul Guigues, Pierre Lartigue, Jean-François Lyotard, Bernard Noël, Daniel Oster, Pierre Oster, Robert Pinget, Claude Roy, Claude Simon, Salah Stetié, Jean Tortel and Bernard Vargaftig. In 2003, the André Breton collection enjoyed a major expansion with the sale of the collections of 42 rue Fontaine, thanks to the financial aid of the Ministry of Culture and the very generous donations of Aube Elléouët-Breton. Also in 2003, due to a crippling lack of space, part of the collections was transferred to the Centre Technique du Livre de l’Enseignement Supérieur in Marne-la-Vallée (approximately 400 boxes).
Since 2007, several major archive collections have been added to the existing manuscripts and collections: the Roger Munier collection, the Francis Ponge collection, the André du Bouchet collection, the Pierre Lartigue collection and numerous manuscripts by André Malraux (La Métamorphose des dieux, Lazare and an original manuscript of Le Maquis).
Ink drawing by Cappiello
The acquisition policy was refocused on the purchase of exceptional works and in particular correspondences - very dear to Jacques Doucet - such as the letters from André Breton to Julien Gracq and to René Alleau which were added to the collection of their letters to André Bretonacquired in 1970 as a bequest from the author.
Renowned in the worlds of research, libraries, museums and publishing, the Bibliothèque littéraire Jacques Doucet seized the opportunity offer by the Syndicat de la Librairie ancienne et moderne to open its doors to the vast number of visitors to the Grand Palais, both amateurs and collectors alike. The various items presented on this occasion (manuscripts, correspondences, printed books, bindings or furnishings) were chosen to satisfy two criteria: rarity and their link with the commemorative events of 2011: the fiftieth anniversary of the deaths of Louis-Ferdinand Céline and Blaise Cendrars, the hundredth anniversary of the birth of Emil Cioran and the hundred and fiftieth anniversary of the birth of Saint-Pol-Roux, all of whom are well represented in the library's collections.
Key figures in April 2010 (per types of document)
Printed books: approx. 42,691
Periodicals: approx. 800 titles
Specialist bindings: approx. 3,000
Works of art: 5,250 including photographs
Furniture: 177 items including 32 items belonging to writers
The Bibliothèque littéraire Jacques Doucet is a research library accessible to masters students, researchers, book and publishing professionals, rightful owners and their immediate family.
Two reading rooms with 8 seats: 8 and 10, place du Panthéon
Open Monday to Friday, 2 p.m. to 6 p.m.
Annual closing: University holidays at Christmas and Easter and throughout August.
Terms and conditions of access can be found in the "Practical information" menu of the library's website atwww.bljd.sorbonne.fr
registration at 8, place du Panthéon
Information and reservations via e-mail to be sent to firstname.lastname@example.org
Bibliothèque littéraire Jacques Doucet
8, place du Panthéon
75005 - Paris FRANCE
Tel. +33 (0)1 44 41 97 90
Fax +33 (0)1 43 29 12 09
Association des Amis
Doucet Littérature (President: Gérard Vidalenche)
8, place du Panthéon
75005 - Paris FRANCE
Within the association, a Circle of Patrons was founded in June 2010 (President: Jean Bonna)
EXHIBITION: POLITICALLY CORRECT?
For more than five centuries, the book has been the historical vehicle of the great schools of thought, at once the guardian of the temples and a companion of all avant-gardes. The theme "Politically correct?" was chosen for the 2011 edition to reiterate this truth. This multifaceted idea allows an infinite number of social, political and philosophical themes to be explored: God and/or morality, authority and justice, sex and race equality, etc. And the question mark is important as the conformism of yesterday is nothing like that of today.
For the first time, an exhibition is organised on the theme of the year. Created using items loaned by the traders participating in the fair, the aim is to provide an insight, in a historical setting, into certain convictions of centuries past and how numerous moral criteria have been turned on their heads. Giving food for thought - this is the price of the triumph of thought over right-mindedness.
Stand P21-P22, west aisle.
Librairie Anne Lamort - Locré
BOOK COLLECTING ON A SHOESTRING: "INTRODUCTION TO ANTIQUARIAN BOOKS" STAND
EVERYTHING YOU'VE ALWAYS WANTED TO KNOW ABOUT BOOKS BUT NEVER DARED TO ASK.
This introduction to book collecting stand is run by booksellers who are members of SLAM and are present for the entire duration of the fair with a view to enlightening collectors who are just starting out, accompanying them in their first purchase and sharing their expertise and passion.
The works presented on the collective "Introduction to Antiquarian Books" stand are carefully selected by the booksellers participating in the fair for their attractiveness and affordable price. A forum for exchange between professionals and the public, this stand is more and more successful every year. Stand E14, south aisle.
An introductory visit is offered free of charge to explore the richness and diversity of the works presented by the exhibitors. Daily guided visits during the 3 days of the fair are provided by booksellers who are members of SLAM.
BOOK TOWNS, CITIES AND VILLAGES IN FRANCE
Since 2007, the network of eight book villages in France has been present at the fair: Ambierle, Bécherel, Cuisery, Esquelbecq, Fontenoy-la-Joûte, La Charité-sur-Loire, Montmorillon, Montolieu.
With a view to supporting and throwing the spotlight on the booksellers and book craftsmen living in these villages, these associations organise cultural events and activities throughout the year, publicising them at the fair in the Grand Palais.
Contact: Sonia Velly, +33 (0)6 83 68 00 82 / email@example.com
Concerts every day during the fair performed by the talented students of the Regional Conservatory in Boulogne-Billancourt. Strings (violin, alto, cello) and piano. Romantic or classical repertoire.
Every year, the SLAM awards a Bibliography Prize to a high-quality bibliographical work concerning antiquarian and modern books, literature, publishing, the illustration of works, bindings, libraries or book collecting recently published in French.
Members of the jury: Annie Charon, Anita van Elferen, Henri Bonnefoi, Jean-Marc Dechaud, Alain Nicolas, Emmanuel Pierrat, Yann Sordet, Jean Viardot, Georges Vigarello.
The 2011 prize will be awarded during the fair at midday on Saturday 30 April in the orchestra area of the south aisle.
UNE SAISON DE NOBEL AND
present a series of readings of Nobel Prizes in Literature under the direction of Anny Romand.
Under the honorary patronage of Pierre-Gilles de Gennes, Nobel Laureate in Physics 1991
It is said that reading is becoming a lost art and yet children discovered the world through books: Jules Verne, Rudyard Kipling, Joseph Conrad, Miguel de Cervantès, the Odyssey, One Thousand and One Nights...
What could be more enthralling than travelling through unknown worlds, undiscovered places where imaginary beings experience every possible feeling, question the world and what we do to it and endeavour to appease the fire burning in us?
This is the journey accomplished through reading. So it seemed entirely natural to pay tribute to the authors who have been awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature.
Those people who, according to Alfred Nobel, "shall have produced in the field of literature the most outstanding work of an idealistic tendency".
The theme chosen for the 23rd edition of the International Antiquarian Book, Print and Drawing Fair - "Politically correct?" - could not be more appropriate for this fifth Nobel season.
The Nobel Laureates in Literature, from Harold Pinter to Nadine Gordimer, Gao XingJian, Elfriede Jelinek as well as Albert Camus, Winston Churchill, Imre Kertész and many others have often held highly controversial and minority beliefs in their
countries. And through their writing, these beliefs have, on occasion, succeeded in poking through our human awareness and changing our vision of the world.
And in his Nobel Lecture "Art, Truth and Politics" delivered on 7 December 2005, Harold Pinter answered this question:
"I believe that, despite the enormous odds which exist, unflinching, unswerving, fierce intellectual determination, as citizens, to define the real truth of our lives and our societies is a crucial obligation. It is, in fact, mandatory. "
This year, we will pay tribute to Albert Camus, Winston Churchill, Harry Martinson, Gao Xing Jian, Isaac Bashevis Singer and the 2010 Nobel Laureate, Mario Vargas Llosa.
DPA - Development of Artistic Projects
Programme of readings:
Friday 29 April, 2 p.m.: Harry Martinson, Nobel Laureate, Sweden, 1974.
Moderator: Elena Balzamo, with Philippe Bouquet, literary critic and translator of numerous works by Swedish authors, and Björn Larsson, senior lecturer at the University of Lund, translator, philologist, critic and writer.
Reading of the novel "Flowering Nettles" and the poem "Aniara" by Anny Romand and Olof Orloff in Swedish, accompanied on the cello by Kerstin Elmqvist.
Friday 29th April, 4 p.m.: Isaac Bashevis Singer, Nobel Laureate, USA, 1978.
Presentation by Florence Noivillle. Journalist with Le Monde, author of numerous works for children, she published "Isaac B. Singer" (Biographical Narrative Prize) with Stock, as well as "La Donation", her first novel (Stock 2007).
Reading of "The Adventures of an Idealist" (Édition Stock) by Irène Jacob.
Saturday 30 April, 2 p.m.: Mario Vargas Llosa, Nobel Laureate, Peru, 2010.
Presentation by Stéphane Michaud, critic and translator, Professor of Comparative Literature at the Sorbonne Nouvelle.
Reading of "A Rasta in Berlin" (Cahier de l’Herne and Gallimard).
Saturday 30th April, 4 p.m.: In the presence of Gao XingJian, Nobel Laureate, France 2000.
With Aliette Armel, critic with the Magazine Littéraire, writer.
Reading of the play "Le Quêteur de la mort" (Seuil) by Anny Romand and Alain Doutey.
Sunday 1 May, 2 p.m.: Sir Winston Churchill, Nobel Laureate, England, 1953.
Presentation by François Kersaudy, Professor at the University of Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne, specialist in contemporary diplomatic and military history, author of a biography of Sir Winston Churchill and "Mémoires de guerre" volumes I and II (éditions Tallandier).
Reading of Carnets de guerre and letters to his wife.
Sunday 1 May, 4 p.m.: Albert Camus, Nobel Laureate, France, 1957. (Gallimard)
Presentation by Anne Prouteau and Florence Colombani, director, author, journalist.
Reading of "Le Premier homme" (Gallimard) by Denis Podalydès.
Conference room of the Grand Palais , access southern aisle.